According to the American Academy of Periodontology, over 47 percent of adults suffer some form of gum disease in the U.S alone. If caught early, gum disease can be treated very quickly and its effects minimized for sufferers. Unfortunately, if the gum disease has progressed significantly, it can reach an irreversible stage that will require prompt treatment to halt the disease’s progression.
Nevada Dentistry and Braces, one of the most trusted Las Vegas, NV dental offices, specializes in a plethora of dental treatments, we have in-house periodontists that specialize in gum health. Skilled periodontists can also help you achieve your best smile.
If you live in the Las Vegas area, and you suspect that you may have gum disease but are not sure of the symptoms, come in for a consult. Until then, here are the three stages of gum disease:
For the most part, most of our patients are aware of the effects of gingivitis. They include:
- Halitosis or bad breath
- Bleeding that is noticeable when you brush or floss
- Gums that appear swollen and red
Periodontitis is the most advanced stage of gum disease that damages the soft tissues of the mouth and can even cause the destruction of the underlying bone structure. The effects are:
- Recessed gums
- Pockets in the gum tissue
- Teeth that move
The most advanced stage of gum disease is very troubling. There can be extensive bone damage and even loosened teeth. Advanced periodontitis tends to have these effects:
- Loosened teeth
- Missing teeth
- The decrease of bone mass in the jaw
So what can be done? At our office in Las Vegas, NV, we have truly caring periodontal specialists who are dedicated to providing individualized care for your gums and teeth. Periodontics is one of the most important facets of both cosmetic dentistry and general dentistry because of the fact that the health of your gums greatly influences the overall appearance of your smile. Here are some of the procedures that we offer to help bring your gums to a healthier state:
Scaling and Root Planning
Sometimes, the path to healthier gums requires a simple procedure that gently removes plaque and tartar from the gums. Many times, these materials, which can attach to the tooth surface, can be a great source of irritation.
Usually, scaling and root planning target these materials under the gum line, and your periodontist will also smooth out the area so that these materials will have a harder time adhering to your teeth. Primarily, this procedure is done with hand instruments and ultrasonic scalers, and this procedure is most effective during the early stage of gum disease; gingivitis.
Laser Gum Surgery
- Also called laser periodontal therapy, laser gum surgery is still a relatively new treatment for gum disease. Our Las Vegas periodontal specialists will use a dental laser to access and potentially remove any inflamed or damaged gum tissue from around the teeth’s root structure. When this is done, our specialists will then apply root scaling techniques to the root in order to diminish calculus and plaque.
There are several benefits to receiving this procedure in our Las Vegas, NV practice.
- There is no need for anesthesia because the laser is so precise and hot.
- There is a higher level of precision than other periodontal surgeries.
- It’s far less invasive than many other periodontal techniques.
- Healing tends to take a lot less time.
This is one of the best ways to leave healthy tissue intact when you are receiving periodontal treatments.
Osseous surgery is a slightly more invasive procedure that we also do in our Las Vegas, NV office. If you have a pocket around the root of your tooth or teeth that don't respond to any of our other periodontal or general dentistry procedures, then we can help you retain your tooth through this type of surgery.
This procedure is also called a pocket depth reduction, and it works by smoothing and reshaping the affected bone so that a pocket is created that is smoothed so that bacteria cannot survive and form plaque or calculus. Additionally, osseous surgery also eliminates the existing bacteria that causes the gum disease, which is typically at the advanced periodontitis stage.
Once these procedures have made your teeth and gums healthier, it’s important to keep your gum line healthy. Let’s take a look at why periodontic treatment and maintenance is important.
Maintaining the health of your gums is important. With this in mind, we have a periodontic maintenance system that should follow any gum disease treatment. It’s important to remember that bone loss due to periodontitis is permanent, so those who want to maintain their tooth structure need to keep up the care of their gums.
According to studies, after the initial treatment, gum bacterial levels will be reduced significantly for up to 42 days. After that, they can return to pre-procedure levels of activity; as a result, patients must be diligent with their maintenance. As a result, regular general dentist cleanings and good oral hygiene will become required to maintain periodontal health.
Gum bleaching is an area of cosmetic dentistry that can help reduce the discoloration that can happen even to healthy gums. This procedure can help remove black and dark spots and ensure that your gums look healthy. Most of our patients at Nevada Dentistry and Braces don’t seek out a periodontist for cosmetic dentistry, but when we consult them it quickly becomes clear that gums are part of our smiles. You’ll be amazed at how much healthier looking gums can improve your overall smile.